Graves ‘disease diet and everything you need to know

1, What is Graves ‘disease

Graves ‘disease or Basedow is a disease that happens in the thyroid gland. Graves ‘disease is an autoimmune disease that doesn’t have the clear cause. This kind of disease results in the hyperthyroidism which means the thyroid gland will produce the excessive amount of hormones. The excessive thyroid hormones increase the metabolic rate, which leads to dramatic weight loss, tachycardia, trembling, sweating, and gastrointestinal disorder.

Through many research, the scientist found out some risk factors that may trigger the Graves ‘disease:

  • The Gender: Women has a higher risk of developing the Graves ‘disease than the men, about five to ten times.
  • Age: The disease can happen to any people, but normally in the range twenty to forty years old.
  • Pregnancy: The pregnant has a certain risk of getting the Graves ‘disease, especially after giving birth.
  • Infection: Bacteria and virus can cause the changing in the immune system which can lead to Graves ‘disease.
  • Stress: Emotional and physical stress has been proven a risk factor for developing Graves ‘disease.
  • Lithium therapy: The lithium therapy may change the immune response, which can cause the Graves ‘disease.

2, Graves ‘disease complication

  • Swollen eyes: There is a not-small percentage of Graves’ patient may have swollen eyes because of the injury and the inflammation in the eyes muscle. This leads to eyes protruding which causes pain, irritating, and redness.
  • Heart disorder: Graves’ disease can easily affect the heart action, the thyroid hormones force the heart beats really fast, almost over 100 beats/min. The tachycardia leads to the weakness of heart muscle, gradually and not enough blood supply to the whole body.
  • Thyroid storm: This is the most severe complication of the Graves ‘disease, and it requires emergency action, immediately. Thyroid storm can cause hypotension, excessive sweating, fever, diarrhea, vomiting, electrolyte disturbance, and coma.
  • Osteoporosis: The Graves’ disease can damage the bone mass, and reduce the strength of bone. From that, the bone may be easily broken by just only small injury.

3, Do and Don’t Diet for Graves ‘disease

Honestly, with the most diseases, there is no cure named food or diet, and this is the same with Graves ‘disease. The specific medication along with treatment from the endocrine doctor is always the first and most important with the Graves ‘disease patient. However, the diet still contributes a certain large part in preventing the complications as well as decrease the impact of Graves’ disease symptoms to the daily activities. In this article, we stress in two big types, the food you should avoid and the food you should intake for Graves disease diet.

I, The food should be limited when having Graves’ disease

Caffeine: The symptoms of Graves’ disease may develop by consuming the caffeine foods such as coffee, soda, and tea. Base on your health condition, you don’t need to avoid totally the caffeine foods, and you can still intake a little amount but you should contact your doctor before getting any caffeine food.

Allergic foods: Food allergy is one of the reasons that can trigger the Graves’ disease symptoms, sweating, trembling, and fever. Due to that, you should avoid all the food which you are allergic with, also the mild allergy.

II, The food you should consume when having Graves’ disease

Name Details
Dairy’s Product As the one of Graves’ disease complication, osteoporosis can lead to others health problem, and whenever the Graves’ disease is cured, completely, you still need calcium to build the bone mass, again. With this situation, dairy’s product is one of the best sources which provide you a healthy and safe calcium. If you are allergic to the dairy’s products, you can choose alternative foods, such as soy milk, sardines(with bones), broccoli, and kale. You should have at least three servings of the food, having a high amount of calcium, daily.
Food Containing Vitamin D As important as calcium, vitamin D plays an important role in the bone health, it promotes the absorption of calcium, and through that, vitamin D helps the bone become stronger as well as prevents the osteoporosis from untreated Graves ‘disease. Some foods which have the high content in vitamin D, are salmon, tuna, mackerel, beef liver, and egg yolk. You should intake at least one serving which has a rich amount of vitamin D, every day.
Protein Due to the excessive level of thyroid hormones in the blood, the body is always in starving and tired. Beside the treatment from the doctor, taking a high calories diet is vital to maintaining the health. In this case, protein can help the Graves ‘patient by providing the energy, and avoid the muscle loss process due to the high metabolic rate.
Cruciferous Vegetable Not only rich in calcium, cruciferous vegetable is also very effective in treating the Graves’ disease. Some research shows that broccoli, kale can reduce the level of thyroid hormones in the blood. However, you still have to follow the treatment, strictly.


Having trouble with Osteoporosis, see ways to prevent it with 7 effective ways. 

Jelly Jeff

Jelly Jeff is a nurse. She studied for a long time in Denmark and Singapore. She keens to write health tips and nutrition knowledge. She has been a freelancer for a couple of year and a contributor for many health websites like Authority Remedies, Lifehack or Instructables.

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